CourseUit FinalTests


Unit 6 


Transfer of title is an aspect of real estate sales transaction generally handled by lawyers and title companies. Nonetheless as with other legal aspects of the transaction a real estate professional who is aware of the fundamentals of deeds and titles issues will never better understand the transaction and will know what kind of questions to ask. An informed real estate professional will be able to alert consumers to the need for legal advice to avoid potential title problems.

Unit 4 


Real estate buyers must determine the type of ownership that best fits their needs. The choice of ownership will affect the ability to transfer the real estate in the future and has tax  implications as well. While real estate professionals should be able to identify the basic forms of ownership available in a state, it is up to prospective buyer to explore the options and make a decision, most likely with the advice of an attorney. Although the forms of ownership available are controlled by state law, real estate may be held in one of three basic ways. They include ownership in severality (one owner), co ownership(more than one owner), and ownership by a trust (property held for benefit of another).

Unit 5


 A street address while usually enough to find the location of a property or building is not precise enough to define the perimeter of a parcel of land in a way that excludes all other parcels. A street address will not indicate how large the property is or where it begins and ends. For Real estate to be the subject of a transaction the property description of the property must be legally sufficient that is the property must be described in a way that will enable a sales contract lease deed or mortgage document to be legally enforceable.
A legal description is a detail way of describing a parcel of land and a document that will be excepted in a court of law. The description is based on information collected through a survey the process by which boundaries are measured by calculating the dimensions and area to determine the exact location of a piece of land. Courts has stated that a description is legally sufficient if it a Laos a surveyor to locate the parcel. In this context locate means that the surveyor must be able to define the exact boundaries of the property. Several alternative systems of identification have been developed to express a legal description

Unit 13
In this unit, we will consider the overall financial market place, and a refers to any loan secured but either a mortgage or a deed of trust as a mortgage loan. We will look at the ways in which the federal government is involved in real estate financing a mortgage that has no direct federal involvement even though it may be made by a federally chartered lender it is called a conventional loan. Loans they have direct federal involvement include those insured by the Federal housing administration also known as a FHA a loan or guaranteed by the US Department of Veterans Affairs also known as a VA loan.


Unit 20


n most areas of the United States, local governments have developed a comprehensive planning that restricts Outland maybe use, with the goal of orderly and plant growth. Real estate professionals must be knowledgeable about local land use restrictions in order to avoid showing a buyer a property that is not suitable for the buyers intended commercial or residential use. The buyer of the home within a subdivision or planned unit development that is subject to a residential community association will also be subject to limitations that appear in the property deed or specific rules that are And most areas of the United States, local governments have developed comprehensive planning that restricts Outland may be used, with the goal of orderly and plant growth. Realestate professionals must be knowledgeable about local land use restrictions in order to avoid showing a buyer a property that is not suitable for the buyers intended commercial or residential use. A buyer of a home within a subdivision or planned unit development that is subject to a residential community association will also be subject to limitations that appear in the property deed or specific rules that are created and enforced by the association. An individual parcel of real estate may be subject to restrictions that a prior owner has included in the deed or a document that has been made part of the properties chain of title. While no one expects real estate professionals to become experts in land-use, they should be aware of these issues and be able to direct their clients to appropriate sources of additional information.

Unit 1


Real estate transactions are taking place all around us, all the time.When a commercial leasing company rents space in a mall or the owner of a building rents an apartment, its real estate transaction.The most common transaction is the purchase or rental of a home, whether by a first-time buyer, by someone seeking a larger or smaller place to live or a second home, or by an investor interested in property's income-producing potential. Consumers of real estate services thus include buyers and sellers of homes, tenants and landlords, investors, and developers. Nearly everyone, at some time, is involved in a real estate transaction.


All this adds up to big business-complex transactions that involve trillions of dollars each year in the United States. The services of millions of highly trained individuals are required: attorneys, bankers, trust company representatives, abstract, and title insurance company agents, architects, surveyors, accountants, tax experts, and many others, in addition to buyers and sellers. All these people depend on skills and knowledge of licensed real estate professionals.


Unit 19


Property management involves leasing, managing, marketing, and overall maintenance of real estate owned by others, usually rental property. Although some owners of rental units manage their own properties a real estate license is not required to do so most rental properties are professionally managed. Many mortgage lenders require that investors hire a professional property manager to manage their properties. In many states, property managers are required to hold a real estate brokers or property managers license. as with all real estate services, a real estate sales associate can only manage property with the consent of the employed broker and in the brokers name.


Unit 12
In the United States, relatively few homes that are to be owner occupied or purchase for cash. Most such homes are brought with borrowed money and a lending industry has been created to service the financial requirements of the homebuyers. Here, we will examine housing affordability, what it takes to purchase a home, and whether the investment is manageable. We then look at the ways in which Realestate* is financed. We conclude with a discussion of the homeowners property insurance, and essential element to loan approval. 


Unit 17


Real estate professionals should be knowledgeable about the look we went to market to better assist perspective buyers who may need a temporary housing, those super for her to rent a home I cannot afford to purchase one, or investor buyer’s, or to manage their own portfolios. In any case, anyone with an interest in rental property should be aware of the Basic provisions of leases and other landlord tenant issues.

Unit 2


Even though real estate can never change its location, it is still a product that has a market in which a variety of transactions take place. The real estate professional is the person who brings together the parties, whether for sale, lease, exchange, or other type of transaction. As any successful real estate professional will tell you, product knowledge is the key to success. This unit covers the fundamental principles of the product that is at the heart of every real estate transaction.

Unit 3


Ownership of a parcel of real estate includes all or some of the bundle of rights, depending on type of interest a person holds in the property. Even the most complete ownership the law allows may be limited by public and private restrictions. These Restrictions are intended to ensure that one owners use and enjoyment of the property owned does not interfere with others use and enjoyment of their property or with the welfare of general public. For example, a zoning ordinance might not allow a convenience store to be built in a residential neighborhood, a condo, association bylaw might prohibit rental of a unit without board approval, and an easement allowing neighbors to use a property owner's private beach might deter a future buyer of the property


Unit 7


Public records are open to anyone interested in a particular property. A review of the records will reveal the documents claims and other details that affect the properties ownership. A prospective buyer for example needs to be sure that the sellers can convey good title to the property. If the property is subject to any liens or other encumbrances a prospective buyer or lender needs to know. An attorney or title company typically performs a search of the public records to assure that good title is being conveyed. A real estate professional should understand what is in the public record and what a search may disclose.
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Unit 16 


Appraisal is in a distant area of specialization in the world of Realestate?. Most real estate transactions require an appraisal by a licensed or certified Realestate appraiser to provide a clear understanding of the markets response to a subject property. Realestate professionals also must be aware of the fundamental principles of valuation in order to complete and accurate and effective comparative market analysis also known as a CMA that assist seller clients and arriving at a reasonable asking price and buyer clients to make appropriate offers based on current market conditions. A broker’s price opinion also known as a BPO, less expensive than a appraisal, might be requested by a lender when property is refinanced. In addition, knowledge of the appraisal process allows a real estate professional to recognize a questionable appraisal.


Unit 9


The relationship between a roast a professional in the parties involved in a real estate transaction is not a simple one. A real estate professional can represent a client as an agent but in addition to the parties assumptions and expectations the Realestate professional ask as a fiduciary and is subject to a wide range of legal and ethical requirements designed to protect the seller the buyer and the transaction is self. There are other agency relationships in the real estate business including that of sales associates to the employer broker. We will look at possible agency relationship and Realestate transactions as well as other types of relationship that can be established. 


Unit 21


Environmental issues are health issues, and health issues based on environmental hazards have become real estate issues. Although real estate professionals are not expected to have the technical expertise necessary to determine whether a hazardous substance is present on or near a property, they should be familiar with state and federal environmental laws in the regulatory agencies that enforce them. In that way, the real estate professional can alert a prospective purchaser to the need for authoritative information about hazardous substances in order to make an informed purchase decision.


Unit 11
The real estate market is driven by contracts. Both seller and buyer representation agreement or contract. Options are contracts and an offer in the first half of the sales contract. Leases in management agreements or contracts. Every aspect of the real estate business involves contract, and everyone involved in a real estate transaction even those who are not real estate professionals should understand what a contract means. A real estate professional must know not only were the contract means but also how one is created, what is a required of the parties to the contract and how the contract is concluded.
The real estate market is driven by contracts. Both seller and buyer representation agreement our contracts. Options are contracts and an offer is the first half of the sale contract. Leases in management agreements are contracts. Every aspect of the real estate business involves contracts, and everyone involved in a real estate transaction even those who are not Realestate professionals should understand what a contract means. A real estate professional must know not only were contract means but also how one is created, what is a required of the parties in to the contract and how the contract is concluded.


Unit 10
 A variety of contracts are used throughout the typical real estate sales transaction including the agreement between a broker and a sales associate the terms but with the broker makes use of the multiple listing system the contract that allows a broker to list the property for sale the agreement by which a buyer makes use of the services of a broker the sales contract I sent out the terms of the transaction in the escrow title insurance and other agreements that are required to complete the transaction. In this unit we will look at agreements by which a broker can be employed to Variety variety contracts are used to get around it a typical Realestate sales transaction including the agreement tween a broker and a sales associate the terms for which the broker makes use of the multiple listing system the contractor allows broker to list a property for sale agreement by which a buyer makes the use of the services of a broker the sales contract they sent out the terms of the transaction and the escrow title insurance and other agreements that are required to complete the transaction. In this unit we will look at agreements by which a broker can be employed to act for a seller or a buyer.


Unit 18


Real estate professionals and their clients and customers reflect why diversity of America’s population. The ability to buy or rent adequate housing allows an individual or family to achieve and maintain a satisfying lifestyle. Housing discrimination takes it’s toll on its immediate victims, and it also reflects poorly on the society that allows it to exist. In short, when legal action is required to correct abuses, the end result benefits all. Understanding and working with in the context of fear housing laws is critical to creating and maintaining a vibrant and ultimately profitable Realestate market for everyone. I will examine the history of Federal housing executive, legislative, judicial action, the state And local jurisdictions may provide an even greater recognition of opportunities to work against the mini forms of discrimination. Later we will also consider the fair lending practices that help make financing available for home purchasers on in equitable basis.


Unit 14 

The conclusion of the real estate sales transaction is the closing, one titled to the real estate is transferred in exchange for payment of the purchase price. Until closing preparations begin a real estate professionals relationship is primarily with the buyer or the seller. During the closing., New players come on the scene such as appraisers and inspectors loan officers insurance agents in lawyers. Negotiations May continue, usually based on issues reveal buy property inspections, sometimes right up until the property is finally transferred. A thorough knowledge of the closing process is the best defense against the risk of a transaction failing.


Unit 15 


The ownership of the real estate is subject to certain obligations and pulls the state and local government’s, usually in the form of taxes that become a lien against the property. A creditor or a quart can also place a claim against property to secure payment for a date for other obligation. The ability to place a lien on property helps provide insurance to governments, lenders, homeowner associations, and those who provide workers service to improve property that the property owner will meet financial obligations in cured by virtue of owning the property.


Unit 8


Realestate is an industry driven by small businesses. Most both brokerages are not giant national companies and even those that are members of large franchises are still small businesses at heart run locally to serve what is essentially a local market. Within a brokerage no matter how large or small it is each rose professional has his own business. To be successful a real estate professional has not only know the product Realestate but also how to run a business. Economics is part of running any operation as a person now decision such as how many people to hire and in what capacity. What positions are needed? How do you find the right people to fill those jobs? Who’s your competition? The answers to these questions are not easy ones but a successful real estate professional needs to think like a business person.

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